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Analysis of Political Fascism Ideology

Analysis of Political Fascism Ideology


Fascism, when you break it down, is a political ideology that attempts to regenerate the social, economic, and cultural life of a country by basing it on a heightened sense of national belonging or ethnic identity. Fascism rejects liberal ideas such as freedom and individual rights, and often presses for the destruction of elections, legislatures, and other elements of democracy. Despite the idealistic goals of fascism, attempts to build fascist societies have led to wars and persecutions that caused millions of deaths. As a result, fascism is strongly associated with right-wing fanaticism, racism, totalitarianism, and violence.

Some political annalists do disagree on exactly what Fascism is and what it represents. Marxist (that is, those who base their approach on the writings of Karl Marx) look at fascism as a political ideology that is adopted by governments to support capitalism and to prevent a socialist revolution, and these scholars have applied the label of “fascism” to many movements that came to power between WWI and WWII, such as those in Portugal, Austria, Poland, and Japan. Some Marxists also label governments that emerged after World War II (including Argentina, Chile, Greece, and South Africa) as fascist.

Some non-Marxist scholars, however, have dismissed fascism and see it as a form of Authoritarianism that responds to political and social developments but has no intention aside from the exercise of power. Some of these scholars view fascism as a crude, asserting that it lacks any coherent ideals or ideology. Many other historians and political scientists agree that fascism has a set of basic traits but they tend to disagree over what to include in the definition. However, in the 1970s, some historians and political scientists began to devise a broader definition of fascism, and by the 1990s many scholars had embraced this approach. This new approach focuses on the ways in which fascist movements attempt revolutionary change and their focus on popularizing a strong sense of nationality. From this perspective, all forms of fascism have three common features: anticonservatism, a myth of ethnic or national renewal, and a conception of a nation in crisis.

The first one we are going to look at is known as “Anticonservatism”. Fascist movements usually try to retain some supposedly healthy parts of the nation’s existing political and social life, but they place more emphasis on creating a new society. In...

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