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Essay on the Abolitionist Movement in America

Essay on the Abolitionist Movement in America

During the thirty years that preceded the Civil War, abolitionism was a major factor in electoral politics. Abolitionism refers to antislavery activism between the early 1830s, when William Lloyd Garrison began publishing The Liberator, and the Civil War. By the year 1834, there existed a weak framework of abolitionists, many who were determined free blacks from the north who had a common goal, the emancipation of slavery. These abolitionists took great courage and leadership, for slavery was either against their moral beliefs and gave the anti-slavery movement the growing popularity that it needed. I believe that the abolitionists (only anti-slavery persons), who wanted an immediate end to slavery, radicalized the anti-slavery movement by demanding an, immediate end to slavery and recognition of equality by the year 1836.

By the year 1607, Americans realized that the Chesapeake was immensely hospitable to tobacco cultivation. However growing tobacco meant more labor, but where was the labor source to be from? The Colonies found their answer in indentured servant, servants who voluntarily mortgaged the sweat of their bodies for several years to Chesapeake masters. In exchange they revived transatlantic passage and eventual “freedom dues.” However, due to various reasons, indentured servants no longer poured in to America as they had previously done. Thus, the importation of slaves from Africa began. Many rich plantowners, etc did not think of the moral obligations that one has toward God and were greedy. They exploited these poor, innocent, capable, Blacks and changed the World forever.

The New Year’s Day in the year 1831, The Liberator (doc. D), had the following passage, “Assenting to the “self evident truth” maintained in the American Declaration of Independence, “that all men are created equal, and endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights”… I shall strenuously contend for the immediate enfranchisement of our slave population…Urge me not to use moderation in a cause like the present. I am in earnest- will not excuse…I will not retreat a single inch…AND I WILL BE HEARD!” This document clearly states that the Liberator, a radical abolitionist newspaper in the year of 1831, believes that the Abolitionist cause is not a moderate, but one that is very severe, and must be dealt with immediately.

Also, abolitionist began to demand racial equality in addition to emancipation. The idea that blacks were equal to whites was extreme,...

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