French Revolution and the Causes Leading up to it
Uploaded by sherifadam on Feb 01, 2012
Throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries several countries like France and Haiti have encountered several movements towards sovereignty, liberty, equality. In Haiti, the people of color were able to revolt against penisulares and free themselves from French rule, while the Bourgeois were able to revolt against the monarchy, clergy, and nobility to establish freedom. On the contrary, France was unable to receive total liberation while Haiti received freedom from the suppression of the French. There were many socials cause of the French revolution during the 18th and early 19th centuries. The French society was divided into three estate. First estate clergy, second estate noble, third estate was the largest, was made up of peasants, city workers, merchant, lawyer, businessman, and peasant. Third estate didn’t had equal right and the other estate enjoyed privileges. Louis called a meeting of the Estates-General in Versailles. On June 20th the Third Estate declared themselves the National Assembly and made the Tennis Court Oath, a pledge to themselves not to separate until they gave France a constitution. On July 14, 1789, a faction stormed the Bastille in Paris and political prisoner were imprisoned.
There were many economic causes of the French revolution ring the 18th and 19th early centuries . The third estate had to pay all taxes imposed by the king as other estate were exempted from taxes. the price of the bread rose which was the main staple diet of the people and there was subsistence crisis. The gabelle well known as the salt taxation was imposed by the French monarchy to rebuilds the economy, the gabelle cause the salt become clandestine because tax on salt were expansive. The government tried to stop the salt smuggling by putting 3000 troops at the rivers and made fishing illegal at night to encounter illegal and murder smugglers in the forest. As well as the social and economic causes there were may political causes of the French revolution during the 18th and early 19th centuries . Rumors spread that the king will order his troops to attack Paris and then 4000 through 5000 people gathered and formed people militia. France under feudalism in the 18th century. The third estate population did not have power and freedom in politics. They worked hard and had to pay heavy taxes. The nobles and clergy made up the First and Second Estates in the...