150,000+ ESSAYS

Find more results for this search now!

Need a Brand New Custom Essay Now?  click here

Pendleton Civil Service Act: Political Pay-offs

Pendleton Civil Service Act

Since the beginning of the government, people gained and lost their jobs whenever a new president took office. These jobs were political pay-offs for people who supported them. Many people did not take their jobs too seriously because they knew they would be out of their office soon. As Henry Clay put it, government officials after an election are "like the inhabitants of Cairo when the plague breaks out; no one knows who is next to encounter the stroke of death." Over the years the flaws that were made and the problems that resulted became more obvious. After an election you could open a newspaper and find many advertisements, which offered government jobs that were filled before the election.

On January 16, 1883 the U.S. legislation established a law, which gave employment based on merit rather than on political party affiliation that leads to corruption in the government system. Widespread public demand for reform in the government was stirred after the Civil War by accusations of incompetence, corruption, and theft in federal departments. After a guy who was refused an office job that he was capable of assassinated President James A. Garfield in 1881, civil service reform became a leading issue in the elections of 1882. In January 1883, Congress passed a comprehensive civil service bill sponsored by Senator George H. Pendleton, providing for the open selection of government employees and guaranteeing the right of citizens to compete for federal jobs without regard to politics, religion, race, or national origin. The new law covered only about 10 percent of the positions in the federal government, but nearly every president after Chester A. Arthur, who signed the bill into law, broadened its scope. By 1980 more than 90 percent of federal employees were protected by the act.

The Pendleton Civil Service Act classified certain jobs, removed them from the ranks, and set up a Civil Service Commission to oversee a system based on merit and not political stance. The commission draws up the rules governing examinations for those positions that Congress places in the classified civil service. As the list of jobs overseen grew over the years, it provided the government with a competent, more efficient government system. By the time McKinley became president in 1897, 86,000, almost half of all federal jobs, were in classified positions. Today, nearly all-federal jobs...

Sign In Now to Read Entire Essay

Not a Member?   Create Your FREE Account »

Comments / Reviews

read full essay >>

Already a Member?   Login Now >

This essay and THOUSANDS of
other essays are FREE at eCheat.

Uploaded by:  


Category:   Politics

Length:   2 pages (434 words)

Views:   7163

Report this Essay Save Essay
Professionally written essays on this topic:

Pendleton Civil Service Act: Political Pay-offs

  • The Equal Pay Act of 1963

    system of seniority (Wikipedia, 2006). In essence it is the ideal of "equal pay for equal work." In relationship to what th...

  • Interest Rates

    the same regardless of the time, it does not increase and only paid the once, do the fee is 1.5% and the equivalent interest rate ...

  • Civil Rights Act of 1991

    charges of intentional discrimination.4 Furthermore, the 1991 Act broadened the language of the 1866 Civil Rights Act and extended...

  • The Civil Rights Act of 1991

    it limited the amount of damages a jury could award to an individual (Wikipedia, 2006). It is interesting to note that...

  • Pay Equity

    "oppressive child labor" was defined. Under this act those who are not paid the required level can reclaim the lost wages as wel...

  • The Patriot Act

    vital to national security (Pike 1). The 9/11 Commission even pinpointed several failure of communication that occurred within th...

  • Free Educationa and Healthcare for Prisoners

    therefore STDs and HIV infection are spread easily as the vast majority of correctional facilities prohibit condom possession (Zac...

  • A Female Owned Native American Trucking Business

    Rush held others to the same standard. All the time she maintained optimism and worked constructively responding as the need dict...

  • Effects of Layoffs at Verizon

    did not intend to lay off people but that is not what employees report on blogs (Goldstein, 2009). One employee in Philadelphia re...

  • "Music Within," The Story of Richard Pimentel

    This essay presents a movie review of "Music Within," (2007, directed by Steven Sawalich). The film stars Ron Livingston as Richa...

View more professionally written essays on this topic »