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Persepolis Ancient Persia

Persepolis was rediscovered in A.D 1620, after being hidden by its own ruins since 330 B.C. Many people came to visit Persepolis in the next centuries, but the excavation of the ruins did not begin until 1931, when the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago sponsored the excavation of the ancient site. The first excavation was conducted by Ernst Herzfeld and Friedrich Krefter which led to the onsite reconstruction of the 'Harem'. In 1932 and 1937 the oriental Institute excavated two low mounds south-east of Persepolis, The first mound contained four levels of prehistoric houses dated from about 4000 B.C.

On the first floor some of the walls where preserved well and on them where huge yellow and red geometric wall paintings, on the floor there where knives, cooking pots that still contained the bones of meat that was being cooked, along with beautiful and sophisticated hand painted pottery. Because the main level of the house was preserved so well, it suggests that the settlement had been abandoned. The Second mound was comprised of earlier remains from about 4600 B.C, nothing of significance was found.
Shortly afterwards In 1934 Erich F. Schmidt took charge, he continued very large scale excavations until 1939 when his excavations where stopped suddenly at the outbreak of World War two in Europe.
Over this eight year period, excavation worked not only in the centre of Persepolis, but also on a number of other site that where within a radius of 10km
The Persian Expedition worked in the royal centre of Persepolis and also at a number of sites that fell within a radius of 10 km. During the last years of excavating, the University Museum in Philadelphia, and the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston had joined the Oriental Institute in order to cope with the huge excavation.
The Iranian Archaeological Service continued the excavation and restoration of Persepolis after the war.

The Construction of Persepolis started under the ruling of Darius the great between 520 and 330 B.C. Darius constructed the monumental stairway, The Triple Portal, his private palace, as well as beginning the Apadana and the treasure when he died in 486 B.C. His work continued under the control of his son Xerxes I until 465 B.C.
He finished his fathers work on the Apadana and also constructing the structure which is known as haren, as well as beginning the work on the Throne...

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Category:   Ancient

Length:   4 pages (930 words)

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