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Studying the Human Genome Project

Studying the Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Project is a 15-year international research program to find the estimated 80,000 human genes and determine the sequence of the three billion DNA building blocks that underlie all of human biology and its diversity. The purpose of The Human Genome Project will characterize the genomes of human and selected model organisms through complete mapping and sequencing of their DNA. It will also develop technologies for genomic analysis and examine the ethical, legal, and social implications of human genetics research. Finally it will train scientists who will be able to utilize the tools and resources developed through the HGP to pursue biological studies that will improve human health. The Human Genome Project has several goals including mapping, sequencing, storing and analyzing data, identifying genes, and addressing the ethical, legal, and social issues that may turn out from availability of personal genetic information. The absolute goal of the Human Genome Project is to procure the DNA sequence of the three billion DNA subunits present in human DNA.

The Human Genome Project started in October 1990 to discover all the estimated 100,000 human genes and make them accessible for further biological study. In 1992 a low-resolution genetic linkage map of entire human genome was published. In 1995, the genetic-mapping 5 year-goal achieved 1 year ahead of schedule. In 1997, high-resolution physical maps of chromosomes X and Y were completed. Then on December 1, 1999 researchers in the Human Genome Project announced the complete sequencing of the DNA making up human chromosome 22. Chromosome 22 is the first Human chromosome completed. These dates were just a few of the important events that has going on throughout the Human Genome Project. The process of the project has gone far in many years. Since technology is advancing the scientists will be able to speed up their work and complete the project sooner then scheduled. The progress toward the Human Genome Project sequencing goals is thirty-six percent of 3 billion DNA base pairs.

Chromosome 1 is consisted of 839 genes. Chromosome 1 also consists of 34 pseudogenes. Some of the diseases associated with chromosome 1 are Alzheimer’s disease and Gaucher disease.

Alzheimer’s disease is named after a German neurologist Alois Alzheimer. Alzheimer’s disease is the fourth leading cause of death in adults. Alzheimer’s disease is twice as common in women then in men. The circumstances of the disease worsen with age....

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Category:   Biology

Length:   4 pages (800 words)

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