John Okada's "No-No Boy" - Optimism and Hope

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4 pages in length. A sequence of ill-conceived decisions thrusts Ichiro into a point in his life where he no longer fits into either his own culture or that of the country in which he lives. Ichiro's well-meaning but far askew mother might be held responsible for the aftermath of his struggles once freed from internment, however, it is Ichiro himself who must take responsibility for restoring his sense of self after enduring chastisement from both his Japanese brethren and American friends. After his release from prison and subsequent adjustment struggles in Seattle, Ichiro ultimately comes to feel there is reason for optimism and hope when he allows himself to take control. No additional sources cited.