Geoffrey Barraclough’s Unconventional Interpretation of the Carolingian Empire in The Crucible of Europe

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In four pages this paper examines how Barraclough questions the traditional interpretation that the Carolingian Empire period from 750-850 A.D. was the most critical in shaping the future European civilization in his text with his focus upon certain events that occurred during the ninth and tenth centuries. Three sources are cited in the bibliography.