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Athens and Sparta Similarities and Differences

Uploaded by Encyclopediax on Feb 18, 2013

Athens and Sparta
Similarities and Differences
By Mike Mizov

One of the greatest city states of all time was the city state of Athens from
which we take many of our modern ways. Their government was a full
democracy in which they had an assembly was all male citizens over 25 years
old, they had the council of five hundred which was chosen by lot of people over
30 and they proposed laws to the assembly. Then there was the court where
there were no judges and the juries were very large, the archons which were the
nine people with the most power before the assembly took it away from them.
The Athenians descended from the Ionians in the attica region. Their city
was mainly located on acropolis'. They had all around education which meant
everyone was entitled to education not just the rich. They were also concerned
with money and they also had unproductive soil which meant they would have to
find other ways to make money, so they became sea traders.
Unlike Sparta their slaves had legal rights which meant they could be
freed if the owners of them thought to do so. They also had Draconian laws
which were pretty tough laws and sometimes unfair. Since they had slaves they
had a lot of time to pursue cultural interests and led their society forward
intellectually, so they got into making dramatic plays for their enjoyment.
There were three classes of people in Athens the first class were Citizens
which were above age 19, then there were Metics which were considered the
middle class. Then there were slaves which was about as low as you could go.
So all in all you will see Athens is a lot different then Sparta which I will
tell you about now.

Sparta government was a lot different then Athen's they had the five
ephors who were overseers and were the real rulers of Sparta. Then came the
council of Elders which was made up of 28 men over 60 and they proposed laws
to the assembly. Then there were kings who were elected by the assembly and
served as high priests, judges, and army commanders. Then came the Assembly
which were all citizens over 30 who elected officials and voted on major policies.
Their government was Totalitarian.
The Spartans descended from the Dorians and were located in the
Laconia region. Their city was built in a valley and had no walls because they
said they could defend from an invaders. Unlike the Athenians their soil

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Uploaded by:   Encyclopediax

Date:   02/18/2013

Category:   History

Length:   2 pages (541 words)

Views:   1934

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